1. When water contains a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, it is called hard water. Hard water is known to clog pipes and to complicate soap and detergent dissolving in water.
2. Water softening is a technique that serves the removal of the ions that cause the water to be hard, in most cases calcium and magnesium ions. Iron ions may also be removed during softening.
3. The best way to soften water is to use a water softener unit and connect it directly to the water supply.
Water softening is an important process, because the hardness of water in households and companies is reduced during this process.
4. When water is hard, it can clog pipes and soap will dissolve in it less easily. Water softening can prevent these negative effects.
5. Hard water causes a higher risk of lime scale deposits in household water systems. Due to this lime scale build-up, pipes are blocked and the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks is reduced. This increases the cost of domestic water heating by about fifteen to twenty percent.
6. Another negative effect of lime scale is that it has damaging effects on household machinery, such as laundry machines.
7. Water softening means expanding the life span of household machine, such as laundry machines, and the life span of pipelines. It also contributes to the improved working, and longer lifespan of solar heating systems, air conditioning units and many other water-based applications.